Delhi is the capital city of India and is regarded as the heart of the nation. Delhi, is a massive metropolitan area in the country?s north. In Old Delhi, a neighborhood dating to the 1600s, stands the imposing Mughal-era Red Fort, a symbol of India, and the sprawling Jama Masjid mosque, whose courtyard accommodates 25,000 people. Nearby is Chandni Chowk, a vibrant bazaar filled with food carts, sweets shops and spice stalls.
The modern city of Delhi is a blend of medieval forts, beautiful mausoleums, colonial-era buildings, colorful bazaars and technological sophistication. It is the second most populous city in India and is a quintessential melting pot of a medley of cultures and traditions. The Jama Masjid, Qutub Minar, India Gate, Lotus Temple, Red Fort and Raj Ghat are a few of the must-see attractions in Delhi. New Delhi is the seat of power of the Indian Government. Witness the grandeur of Parliament House, Rashtrapati Bhavan and the Supreme Court of India. A trip to Delhi is incomplete without a taste of its unique cuisine, which is best experienced from the street-side vendors of chaats, pav bhajis, and masala tea.
The history of the city is as old as the epic Mahabharata. The town was known as Indraprastha, where Pandavas used to live. In due course eight more cities came alive adjacent to Indraprastha: Lal Kot, Siri, Dinpanah, Quila Rai Pithora, Ferozabad, Jahanpanah, Tughlakabad and Shahjahanabad.
In 1192 the legions of the Afghan warrior Muhammad of Ghori captured the Rajput town, and the Delhi Sultanate was established (1206).
The invasion of Delhi by Timur in 1398 put an end to the sultanate; the Lodis, last of the Delhi sultans, gave way to Babur, who, after the battle of Panipat in 1526, founded the Mughal Empire. The early Mughal emperors favoured Agra as their capital, and Delhi became their permanent seat only after Shah Jahan built (1638) the walls of Old Delhi.
In the year 1803 AD, the city came under the British rule. In 1911, British shifted their capital from Calcutta to Delhi. It again became the center of all the governing activities. But, the city has the reputation of over throwing the occupants of its throne. It included the British and the current political parties that have had the honour of leading free India.
After independence in 1947, New Delhi was officially declared as the Capital of India.
Language And Culture
The official language of Delhi is Hindi, spoken by 81% of the population. English is also widely spoken and is used for official purposes. 7% of the population speaks Punjabi and 6% of the people speak Urdu.
Delhi is the traditional and present day capital of India. Delhi stands in a triangle formed by the river Yamuna in the east and spurs from the Aravali range in the west and south. Delhi is not only the largest commercial centre in Northern India, but also the largest centre of small industries.
People from all parts of the country live here. Alll major festival of Inida are celebrated and the Unity in Diversity is evident in social and cultural gatherings. Be it Holi, Diwali, Id, Guru Purab, Buddha Purnima or Christmas, you will find the same vigor and bliss among people from different communities.
State animal: Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus)
State bird: House sparrow (Passer domesticus)
State flower: Alfalfa (Medicago sativa)
State tree: Flamboyant (Delonix regia)
How to Reach
Delhi is well connected with domestic and international flights, to all the major cities within and outside India. Almost all the major airlines have their flights operating from Indira Gandhi International Airport at New Delhi. Domestic Airport connects Delhi to the major cities in India.
Airport(s): Indira Gandhi International Airport (DEL)
You can easily get regular trains to New Delhi from other major cities of the country.
Railway Station(s): Delhi Sabzi Mandi (SZM), Adarsh Nagar (ANDI), Tuglakabad (TKD), Delhi Hazrat Nizamuddin (NZM), Delhi Cantt. (DEC), Narela (NUR), Bijwasan (BWSN), Delhi Safdarjung (DSJ), Old Delhi (DLI), Vivek Vihar (VVB), Delhi Anand Vihar Terminal (ANVT), Badli (BHD), Palam (PM), New Delhi (NDLS), Nangloi (NNO), Shakurbasti (SSB), Delhi Sarai Rohilla (DEE), Shahdara Junction (DSA), Mangolpuri (MGLP), Okhla (OKA), Delhi Kishanganj (DKZ), Shivaji Bridge (CSB), Tilak Bridge (TKJ), Anand Vihar (ANVR), Sadar Bazar (DSB)
Delhi is well connected, by a network of roads and national highways, with all the major cities in India. The three major bus stands in Delhi are Inter State Bus Terminus (ISBT) at Kashmiri Gate, Sarai Kale-Khan Bus Terminus and Anand Vihar Bus Terminus. Both the government and private transport providers provide frequent bus services. One can also get government as well as private taxis here.
Bus Station(s): Nazafgarh , Delhi Airport